Building a stone wall is a time-consuming task, but it is also one of the most rewarding projects you can undertake as a homeowner. This type of wall will make your property more unique and give it an old-world charm that you can’t get with any other kind of wall.
Fieldstone walls are made up of individual stones that are placed together in a pattern to form the structure. There are many different patterns that can be used for these walls, but most people like to use either a stacked pattern or an offset pattern for their walls. This article will explain how to build a stacked fieldstone wall so that you can get started on your project as soon as possible.
Building a stone wall with a fieldstone is a great way to add beauty and value to your property. Building a stone wall with fieldstone will also allow you to enjoy the benefits of landscaping that is made from natural materials.
Landscaping with fieldstone has many benefits. It can help you save money by using natural materials, it can add value to your property, and it can improve your home’s curb appeal. Fieldstone walls are also easy to maintain, making them perfect for busy homeowners who want to create an outdoor space that is beautiful and functional.
When building a stone wall with fieldstone, there are several important steps that should be taken before beginning construction. First, you will need to decide which type of stone to use based on its appearance and durability level; next, you’ll need to decide where best to place it on your property; finally, you’ll need to figure out how much stone material is needed so that everything fits properly together at the end of construction (or post-construction).
A stone wall can add value to your property and provide a natural barrier that helps keep out unwanted pests and bugs. Building a stone wall is an involved process that requires hard work and decent weather. It’s not something you should take lightly, but if you follow these steps, it can be done with relative ease:
What is A Fieldstone
Fieldstone is a type of rock that is usually found in the ground. Fieldstones are usually rounded or angular, and they’re typically smaller than boulders. Fieldstones can be found in groups, which makes them easier to use when you’re building a stone wall.
Uses of A Stone Wall With Fieldstone
A stone wall is a beautiful addition to your landscape. Stone walls are also great for privacy and creating gardens and walkways.
They can be used to divide yards or cover up an unsightly view of the neighbor’s house.
Reasons for Building A Stone Wall With Fieldstone
- Keeps out, trespassers. This is the main reason for building a stone wall with fieldstone, and it’s a good one. Many people feel that their property should be clearly marked as private, and this can be accomplished through the use of stone walls. If there’s been any sort of trouble with people coming onto your land without permission, then building a stone wall will help to deter them from doing so in the future.
- Keeps animals in or out. If you’re looking to keep wildlife off your land but don’t want an actual fence, then building a stone wall might be an option for you. Most animals won’t try to cross over something as formidable (and perhaps unnerving) as a stone structure; so if they were previously using your lawn as their own personal dining room every night, consider putting up some kind of barrier between them and themselves.
Steps involved in Building A Stone Wall With Fieldstone
- Choose your stone.
- Lay out a straight line along the base of the wall you are building, using stakes as guides and then digging up the soil as needed to make sure it is level and even across all parts of the bed that will hold stones.
- Excavate enough dirt to form an area at least 8 inches deep for each stone in your wall (this is known as “dressing”). This area must be large enough so that there is no chance of any part of any given stone being below ground level because water can seep into these areas and cause damage over time if left unchecked; however, do not remove more than one-third of your existing topsoil in order to preserve healthy plant life around your property.
Step 1: Choose Your Stone
First and foremost, you’ll want to choose a stone that is easy to work with. The more attractive and durable your wall, the more likely it is that you’ll want to keep it around for years (or even generations) to come. Choosing a stone that’s easy to work with can make all the difference in making sure your wall lasts longer than expected.
The second thing you should consider when choosing stones for your wall is how strong they are you don’t want them breaking apart or falling down after only being there for a few weeks. Strength isn’t just about durability though; if they’re too strong then they won’t be as appealing visually either since there won’t be as much variation in color or texture between each piece. When looking at different types of stone check out which ones seem like they might fit best into whatever design scheme
you’ve got going on because no matter what type of look/feel we’re going after
Step 2: Lay Out a Straight Line
Once the ground is flat and level, use a string and stakes to create straight lines. For best results, make sure that each stake is set at least six inches into the ground. Set up two or three stakes along your desired wall path, between 5 and 10 feet apart. Then run a tape measure from one stake to another and mark these points with flags or pieces of colored tape on either side of each point on which there are no stakes.
Once you’ve marked out your line with flags or colored tape (or whatever method works for you), pull out any markers that may still remain from previous attempts at stone walls, as well as any rocks or roots in the path of your chosen wall location.
Step 3: Excavate the Dirt
Excavate the dirt.
This step may sound self-explanatory, but there are many ways to do it. You can use a shovel, wheelbarrow, and post-hole digger to excavate the dirt. You could also use a pickaxe or backhoe if you’d prefer not to take up physical exertion.
Step 4: Pound Wooden Stakes Into the Ground
- Using a mallet or sledgehammer, pound stakes into the ground at a 45-degree angle. Make sure your stakes are sturdy and well-anchored; if they aren’t, they’ll be difficult to remove later on.
- Stake out the entire perimeter of your wall before you start building it. This will ensure that you don’t cut yourself on any stray edges as you’re working around them with tools like shovels and trowels.
Step 5: Build A Temporary Foundation
- Use a wooden frame to hold the stones up. You can build a temporary foundation with 2x4s and 4x4s, or you can just use stakes driven into the ground. Either way will work fine as long as they’re level.
- Use a level to ensure that your stone wall is level at every point along its length. Any unevenness in height will look sloppy, so take your time here.
- Use stakes to hold the stones in place while you dig out the dirt underneath them (see step 6). Stakes are easier than digging holes because they don’t require any digging tools, but once you’ve got all those stakes pounded down into their respective spots, it’s time for some hardcore manual labor anyway so why not just use regular shovels instead?
Step 6: Wet the Wall
Now that your wall is complete, it’s time to set the stones into place. You’ll want to wet the mortar so that it’s easier to work with and so that it will adhere better to each stone.
You can use a garden hose, bucket of water, or spray bottle; just be sure that you don’t get the walls too wet you don’t want them dripping or puddling after you’ve laid down your stones. Use caution when applying water: if you apply too much at once and then try to add more stones, they may slip out of place as their weight pushes down on them from behind (this happened often when my wife and I built our own stone wall). If this happens, just start again from scratch without adding any more mortar until all your pieces are completely dry again before continuing with another row.
Step 7: Fill with Mortar
Fill the gaps between the stones with mortar.
First, it’s important to make sure that you have a good seal on your stone wall. If water can get in, then so will moisture and that can cause mold and mildew which will damage or destroy your wall. You can use a special product called “Portland Cement” on both sides of each stone before adding it to help with waterproofing.
Once you have a good seal and all of your fieldstones are in place, mix some mortar up according to the instructions on the bag (or follow these easy steps). Use a trowel to fill in any gaps between stones by running it along each side of every stone until all spaces are filled up neatly while keeping them straight across from one another at regular intervals as well as keeping everything even with each other vertically. After doing this, use something like an old piece of wood or stick along one edge to make sure that line stays straight across from one end all around another side until the entire face is covered up completely.
Step 8: Place Stones In the Wall
When you’re ready to place stones in the wall, take a few moments to ensure that each stone is level with both its neighbors and the ground. If a stone is not level with its neighbors or the ground, use your level to make it so.
If you find yourself needing to remove dirt from between stones after they’ve been placed, use a trowel instead of digging at them with your hands or feet this will help prevent damaging their surfaces by leaving divots in them as they dry out.
Step 9: Tamp Down Stones
- You’re almost ready for the final step.
- This is where you’ll actually use the tamping tool or sledgehammer to pound each stone into the mortar and make sure it’s securely in place.
- Make sure each stone has enough mortar around it so that there are no gaps between the stones, and so that they’re fully embedded in their respective layers.
- Work your way from the bottom up as you go along: start at one end of your wall, then proceed to pound down one stone and lay down a full layer of mortar before moving on to another stone/layer combination.
Step 10: Backfill the Wall and Add a Capstone
Now that the wall is complete, it’s time to backfill the area around it. Start by adding dirt to the lowest point in your wall until you have filled all of your trenches. Once this is done, use a level to make sure that your stone wall is straight and level before filling up any gaps with more soil or stones as needed.
If you’d like additional help with building your own stone walls from scratch, check out our full guide on building fieldstone walls here.
Materials needed for Building A Stone Wall With Fieldstone
- Trowel, Hammer, Chisel
Tools needed for Building A Stone Wall With Fieldstone
- Wheelbarrow or cart (depending on the size of your wall)
- Trowel for mixing mortar, if applicable (not required, but recommended)
Cost of Building A Stone Wall With Fieldstone
The cost of building a stone wall depends on the size of your project. The average cost for a 16-foot tall by 8-foot wide fieldstone wall is $10-$20 per square foot. This means that if you were to build a 4′ x 8′ (16 sq ft) stone wall with Fieldstone, it would cost between $64 and $128 with materials.
If your stone wall is shorter in height or width, or if you use smaller stones like slate or river rock instead of large fieldstones, it will be less expensive per square foot. For example: If you wanted to build an 8′ x 4′ (32 sq ft) garden path using smaller rocks such as slate or shale at around 3″ in size which would have a height between 18″ -24″ high, then the total price would be about $30-$42 depending on how much gravel base was needed under each layer of rock ($3-$4 per yard).
Benefits of Building A Stone Wall With Fieldstone
- It’s a great way to add value to your property.
- It can be a great way to enhance the look of your property.
- It is a great way to make your property more secure.
- It is a great way to increase privacy, which could be important if you live in an area with lots of traffic or noise from nearby neighbors, industrial sites, or busy streets.
- There are many benefits that come with building fieldstone walls that include enhancing the look and curb appeal of any landscape design project while also creating privacy barriers between properties, which can help reduce noise pollution caused by cars driving by or other sources like lawnmowers operated by neighbors who aren’t as considerate as they should be when it comes time for yard work maintenance duties
Maintenance tips for Building A Stone Wall With Fieldstone
- Maintenance tips for Building A Stone Wall With Fieldstone
- Maintain the stone wall by cleaning it regularly. Clean the wall with a hose or pressure washer. Use a brush to remove dirt and grime. Remove dead leaves, pine needles, and other debris from the wall’s surface.
- Use a water-repellent spray to protect the stone from moisture.
Building a stone wall is an involved process that requires hard work and decent weather.
Building a stone wall is an involved process that requires hard work and decent weather. It can take a lot of time and effort, but the results are worth it.
You need to be patient with this project, as you will likely be working on it for weeks or months at a time. Weather conditions play an important role you need good weather in order to build the wall correctly, so make sure you check the forecast before getting started.
Good tools are essential when building something like this; don’t try using anything less than what’s recommended by experienced builders. This includes shovels; wheelbarrows; picks (for breaking up large pieces); hammers (to pound stakes into place); levelers (to ensure that each layer is straight); string lines (to help align individual stone sections). Finally, make sure all your materials are clean if possible this means washing off any dust from shipping containers before unloading them onto your property so they don’t get mixed into everything else.
Once you have built your wall and learned how to maintain it, you will be able to enjoy the benefits of having a stone wall. A stone wall is a beautiful addition to any home, and can also add value depending on where you live.