A dry-laid stone retaining wall is an attractive and versatile way to add structure to your yard. These walls are made from natural materials and can be built as tall as you like, allowing you to create a custom look that fits your home’s architecture. They’re also incredibly sturdy, so they’ll hold up to anything nature brings their way.
Dry-laid stone retaining walls are a great way to add beauty and character to any landscape. The material is durable, so it lasts for years and can withstand both extreme hot and cold temperatures. It’s also easy to install, so you don’t need to hire a contractor to do the job for you.
Building a dry stone retaining wall is a fantastic way to create raised flower beds, as well as add character and structure to your home’s exterior. It’s also an extremely inexpensive type of landscaping project since all you need are some rocks.
What is Dry Laid Stone Retaining Wall
Dry laid stone retaining walls are generally constructed with large rocks that are sturdy enough to hold their own weight. The process of building a dry laid stone retaining wall can be laborious and time-consuming, but it doesn’t require much more than patience, brute strength, and some elbow grease.
The most important thing to keep in mind as you build your dry laid stone retaining wall is that it requires an adequate amount of space on both sides of the wall for its construction. Dry-laid stone retaining walls are not built like brick or concrete block walls; instead, they’re made by laying rocks next to each other until the wall reaches the desired height. This method works well because the stones used in these types of structures tend to be extremely heavy and dense—well beyond what a person could lift or carry without help from other people or machines.
Uses of Dry Laid Stone Retaining Wall
A dry laid stone retaining wall is used to hold back soil, create a raised garden bed or walkway, or make a patio. They are made out of stones that are held together with mortar, which can be either cement or clay depending on the preference of the builder. Dry laid stone retaining walls are typically made from flat river rocks that have been collected from nearby rivers and streams.
Reasons for building Dry Laid Stone Retaining Wall
- Easy to build
- No mortar or adhesives required
- Can be built quickly
- Looks great, especially when done correctly
- Can be built to any size or shape. It can also be built on a slope.
Steps involved in Dry Laid Stone Retaining Wall
- Selecting stones: The first thing you need to do is select your stones. You want them to be round, smooth and uniform in size.
- Leveling the ground: To level the ground, use a laser level or plumb bob (a weighted string with a nail on top) to mark the position of your trench by stretching the string between two stakes driven into the ground at each end of the trench. Then dig out any low spots or indentations where water will collect by hand or use a small trencher attachment for your lawn mower if you have one available.
- Creating a trench: Once you’ve leveled your surface as much as possible, begin digging along its entire length with shovels until it’s about 5-6 inches deep—this will provide enough room for drainage later on when we add gravel or crushed stone around our rocks later down in this process.”
Select stones that are all different sizes.
You’ll want to use a variety of rocks on your wall. If you only use one type of stone, your wall will look very monotonous and boring. Mix it up. Use stones that are all different sizes and colors, as well as textures and shapes. This way your retaining wall will look more like a work of art than just something to hold back dirt from your garden.
Level the ground flat where you will be placing the wall.
Now it’s time to put your shovel to work. Use the shovel to dig out the area where you will be placing your wall. Make sure that you have a level handy so that you can check for levels as you dig. If there is any part of your site that does not have a nice flat surface, use some dirt or small rocks and rakes to create an even grade for all areas of your site.
Create a trench for your first row of rocks along the area you want to build your wall.
Create a trench for your first row of rocks along the area you want to build your wall. The trench should be as wide as the top width of your wall and deep enough to get over two feet below ground level. This is where you’ll place all of your rocks, so make sure you’re creating a wide enough space for them all.
Lay your rocks in the trench one stone at a time and check for level.
Lay your rocks in the trench one stone at a time and check for level.
Leveling is important because it will make the wall look good and make it easier to build. The levels of the rocks should be even with each other, but not necessarily perfect (they can vary by a few inches). You’ll probably have to adjust them as you go along so that your retaining wall looks good with all of its components placed together.
Fill in around the rocks with gravel.
- Fill in around the rocks with gravel
Gravel is used to fill in the gaps between the stones, creating a level surface that will prevent water from seeping through and eroding your retaining wall. Gravel also prevents weeds from growing and grass from growing directly on top of your stone work—the two major enemies of retaining walls are grass growth and erosion, both caused by water runoff.
Create a second layer on top of the first row by laying stones on top of each rock in the first row.
This process is similar to the first row, but it’s important to make sure that your second layer is level. Lay your rocks on top of each other and use a level to check for evenness. Once you have a flat row, use a shovel to fill in around the edge of each stone with gravel until it’s even with the top surface of your retaining wall.
Repeat this process until you reach full height.
Once you have completed the stone base, start to build your wall.
Ensure that each stone is level, plumb, and straight before laying it in place.
Using a line level will help you achieve this by ensuring each stone is completely flat on top of the last one laid down. A spirit level should be used as well as just checking with your eye; as long as it looks straight then it probably is.
Cost of Dry Laid Stone Retaining Wall
The cost of materials varies based on the size and shape of your wall. The price for your material will be determined by its thickness, weight, and density. Dry laid stone (also known as fieldstone) is usually sold in 24-inch or 36-inch lengths with a thickness of 2 inches to 4 inches.
The cost of tools includes shovels and wheelbarrows. If you have a steep slope where you plan to build your retaining wall, then consider renting an excavator for the project because it will make digging easier for you.
Labor costs are dependent on how many people work together on the construction site at one time; this number can vary from two people working together all day long to twenty men who work twelve hours per day just getting materials prepared for installation into place before starting actual construction work itself. Labor costs also depend on whether or not there is any specialized equipment needed such as when installing large boulders into place; this requires special machinery like cranes which may require additional fees beyond just regular labor wages due to increased overhead costs associated with using such machinery.
Materials needed for Dry Laid Stone Retaining Wall
To make a dry laid stone retaining wall, you will need:
- Rocks and gravel. You can get these from your local quarry or rock yard. You’ll want to choose large rocks for this kind of project because they will be easier to stack and hold up better over time than smaller ones.
- Sand. This is used as the mortar in between the stones, so make sure you have enough to fill all of your spaces between them as well as cover any exposed earth on top of the stones at ground level.
- Trowel: a tool with a flat blade that is used to spread the sand evenly across areas where it needs to be applied; also helpful if you’re just building small structures out of rocks instead of walls (like stepping stones). If possible, buy one made specifically for laying stone rather than using something intended exclusively for tiling floors or other surfaces it’ll save time when mixing mortar together because there won’t be any unnecessary ridges left behind by serrated edges on its blade due to previous uses/cleaning methods like washing off dust after tiling jobs have been completed..
Tools needed for Dry Laid Stone Retaining Wall
- Shovel – For digging out the ground and moving the stones.
- Wheelbarrow – Used to move stone and soil from one place to another, if needed.
- Level – Used to check for levelness (to make sure a wall is straight) before building begins. You can use a regular 4′ level or an engineer’s level, which gives you extra precision when setting up your wall.
- Pickax or Sledgehammer – Used to break apart larger chunks of stone into smaller pieces so they can be used in building your wall
- Tape Measure – To measure distances between points on your project and mark them with stakes / flagging tape (more on this later). You could also use string or chalk lines instead of tape measures if you prefer them over tapes; just make sure each line touches both stakes/flags at each end so that they form a straight line across the area where you want it marked.
- Build Your Foundation.
Benefits of Dry Laid Stone Retaining Wall
- Easy to build
- Can be built by one person, with no special tools or skills required. You can complete the project in a couple of hours and you’ll have a beautiful retaining wall that will last for years on end.
- No need to haul heavy rocks from far away – you can use any rocks found on site around your property. Some types of rocks may require additional preparation before being used as retaining walls, but for most projects, this isn’t necessary at all.
Maintenance tips for Dry Laid Stone Retaining Wall
- Clean the wall regularly.
- Add plants and flowers to the area.
- Use a hose to clean off dirt and debris.
A dry-laid stone retaining wall can be created by using just rocks, no mortar or adhesives are required.
A dry laid stone retaining wall is a type of stone wall that is built without mortar or adhesives. The stones are just stacked on top of each other with no glue, cement, or grout in between. This style can be very beautiful and has many benefits over traditional retaining walls made from concrete blocks or poured concrete. It can also last longer than other types of retaining walls because it doesn’t have any joints to crack open over time as poured concrete does.
Dry-laid stone retaining walls are also much more affordable than other options since they use natural materials rather than manufactured ones like concrete blocks do. They’re also easier to install since you don’t need any special equipment; all you need is some basic tools (like shovels) and some strong backs.
You can build these types of walls in various styles depending on what kind of look you’re going for: straight-sided square blocks (called “coursed rubble”), slanted slabs (“dressed coursed rubble”), random rocks (“random rubble”). You could even use them alongside another material such as cement being used as part of a composite system if desired.
After looking at the benefits of a dry-laid stone retaining wall, you may be ready to build your own. It is important that you start with an accurate level and mark where each stone will go. This will help ensure that your finished product turns out as planned.