Partition walls are a versatile way to divide up your space, provide privacy and create more storage. You can use them to partition off a small room or add them to make an existing room larger. You can also add doors, windows, and other features to give a partition wall the appearance of being part of the main building while keeping it separate enough so that you can close it off when you need privacy or want extra storage space.
Partition walls come in many different styles and sizes, so you’re sure to find one that suits your budget and needs perfectly
A partition wall is defined as a wall or division made up of bricks, studding, glass, or other such material and provided for dividing from one room to another room.
Partition walls can be constructed as load-bearing walls or non-load-bearing walls. The load-bearing partition wall is known as the internal wall. These internal walls do not carry any weight. Sometimes partition walls may be folded, collapsible, or fixed type. Partition walls or walls can be constructed in various shapes like thin, light, thick, heavy, etc. Mainly, these walls’ requirements are based on building materials and design.
Partition walls are vertical dividers that are used to separate building internal spaces into rooms and circulation areas like corridors. Types of partition walls and their applications are discussed in the following sections.
Types of Partition Walls
Depending upon the material used partition walls may be divided into the following different types:
- Brick partitions wall
- Clay brick partition wall
- Glass partitions wall
- Concrete partitions wall
- plaster slab partition wall
- Metal lath partition wall
- A.C. sheet or G.I. sheet partitions the wall
- wood-wool partition wall
- Timber partitions
1. Brick Partition Wall
There are three types of brick partition walls which include plain brick partition walls, reinforced brick partition walls, and brick nogging partition walls.
Brick walls are known for their stretcher bond as the wall is plastered at both sides. Raw materials are used to make this wall, which makes it economical. They tend to be hard, durable, reusable, and recyclable. It also comes with less environmental pollution due to the manufacturing process. Brick Partition walls are only made of plain bricks and can be of three types. Such as Reinforced Bricks, bricks-nogged, or hollow bricks. The height of the plain brick partition of half-brick stiffness is not more than 2m. Reinforced brick partition walls reinforce the form of wire mesh or hoop iron or steel bars. The brick-nogging partition wall consists of brickwork built up within a schema of wooden members. The brick partition is non-flammable and soundproof. Brick wall also comes with a few disadvantages:
- It takes a lot of time to construct brick walls.
- Brick walls cannot be used in seismic zones.
- It causes fluorescence when the brick wall is not exposed to the air.
- Brick walls are hard to clean.
Plain brick partition wall
- It is constructed from plain bricks, and it is common and cost-effective
- The bricks are laid as stretchers in cement mortar.
- The thickness of a plain brick partition wall is 10cm or half a brick.
- Recommended height is a maximum of 2m for construction in a day
- It is plastered on both sides
- Strong and fire resistant if the brick wall is constructed properly
Reinforced brick partition wall
Reinforced brick is much more durable due to the placement of reinforcements. Reinforcements, which are in front of wire mesh strips or iron bars, are placed at every third or fourth course. The thickness of the wall is equal to 10cm or half a brick. The implements used for construction are low-tech. It does not require shuttering and concrete. This type of partition wall is utilized when a superior longitudinal bond is required and when the partition needs to help other superimposed burdens.
- It is similar to plain brick partition but reinforced brick is much stronger due to the placement of reinforcements.
- Reinforcements, which are in form of wire mesh strips or iron bars, are placed at every third or fourth course.
- Reinforced wire strip width ranges from 25mm to 28mm and the thickness is 1.6mm.
- The steel bar diameter is 6mm
- The thickness of the wall is equal to 10cm or half a brick
- This type of partition wall is used when a better longitudinal bond is needed and when the partition wall has to support other superimposed loads.
Brick-nogging partition wall
- The brick nogging partition wall consists of brickwork built within a framework of wooden members.
- The timber framework consists of vertical posts (studs). Horizontal members (nogging), sill, and head as explained in
- Studs spaced at 60 cm to 150 cm and held in position by nogging pieces.
- The nogging pieces are housed into the studs at 60 cm to 90cm apart vertically.
- The wooden framework provides stability to the partition against lateral loads and vibrations caused due to opening the adjoining door and windows
- The bricks are commonly laid flat, but they also may be laid on edge
- The brickwork is plastered from both sides.
- Cement mortar proportion 1:3 is used
- The size of the studs and nogging depends upon the thickness of the partition wall.
- For a 10cm thick partition wall, the studs and nogging should be 15 cm wide so that after the brickwork is plastered from both faces, the timber framework may finish flush with the wall face.
- The surfaces of the timber framework coming in contact with brickwork are coated with coal tar.
- This type of partition wall suffers from the drawback of the timber getting delayed.
- The mortar used may not stick well to the timber members and thus the brickwork is likely to become loose after some time.
2. Clay brick partition wall
Clay blocks used are well-ready from clay or earthenware, and they are either solids or hollow. Hollow clay blocks of section 30*20 cm with thicknesses varied from five cm to 15 cm can even be used. The blocks are supplied with grooves on the prime, bottom, and sides, and surfaces are kept glazed in several colors. They do not modify their volume and are lighter in weight. These varieties of walls are lightweight, rigid, economical, durable, and fireplace-resistant.
- The blocks which are used for clay brick partition wall is manufactured from clay or terracotta.
- Blocks may be hollow or solid
- Hollow clay bricks are commonly employed for light partition wall
- The blocks are placed in the mortar
- Hollow brick partition walls are rigid, economical, strong, fire resistant, and a good heat sound insulator.
- The sizes of the hollow blocks differ with the texture of the material.
- The thickness of this type of partition wall varies between 6 cm to 15 cm.
- Hollow brick partition walls are constructed in a similar manner as structural load-bearing walls.
- Grooves are provided on the top, bottom, and sides of the block to improve the bond between the block and plaster.
3. Glass partition walls
Glass partition walls are made up of sheet or hollow glass blocks. Glass sheet partition is built by fixing a sheet of glass in a wooden structure. The hollow glass block partition wall is constructed from hollow glass blocks. Hollow glass blocks are translucent glass units that are lightweight and manufactured in various thicknesses, shapes, and sizes. Glass partition walls are cheap, accessible in construction, and provide reasonable privacy. It offers sensible aesthetics and permits lightweight. This kind of wall is damp, sound, and warmth proof, simple to wash and maintain. During these partition walls, sheets of glass are fastened within the framework of wood or metal. Hollow blocks don’t want timber frameworks.
They are cheap, light, and easy to construct and provide reasonable privacy and sound insulation. such walls are constructed from glass sheets or hollow glass blocks which will be discussed below
Glass sheet partition wall
- It is constructed by fixing a sheet of glass in a wooden framework.
- Glass sheets are fixed in a timber framework using timber beadings or putty.
- The wooden framework consists of a number of horizontal and vertical posts, suitably spaced, to divide the entire area into a number of panels.
- The panels might be rectangular or square and their size varies with the choice of the individual.
- The glass sheet partition wall is light, vermin-proof, damp-proof, and soundproof.
- Wired glass, bulletproof glass, and three-ply glass are examples of strong glass sheets which are suitable for glass sheet partition wall construction.
Hollow glass block partition wall
- It is constructed from hollow glass blocks.
- Hollow glass blocks are translucent glass units that are light and manufactured with various thicknesses, shapes, and sizes.
- The size of square hollow glass blocks, which are most widely used, is 14X14cm or 19X19cm with a thickness of 10cm.
- The hollow blocks are
- The jointing edges are painted internally and sanded externally to help the bond between mortar and glass block.
- The front and back sides are either decorated or left plain.
- Block glass is laid in cement- lime mortar- fine sand (1:1:4)
- All joints shall be filled adequately
- Metal strip reinforcement is placed at every third or fourth course for block heights up to 15.
- Reinforcement is placed at every course if the height of the block exceeds 25cm
- There is another type of glass block with joggles and end grooves as well.
4. Concrete Partition wall
The concrete partition wall consists of a concrete slab, plain or reinforced, supported laterally by vertical members. These slabs may be either precast or cast in situ. It may be either formed or solid unmoved. Unique concrete posts are used for the development of constructed concrete partition walls solid in place walls, 10 cm thick and below, their social control consists of soft-cast steel bars placed within the center of the wall thickness. The concrete combines 1:2:4. It helps in resisting horizontal loads like earthquakes to a great extent. Even though it is rigid and stable both in vertical and horizontal directions, the framework is costly.
It consists of a concrete slab, plain or reinforced, supported laterally by vertical members. These slabs may be either precast or cast in situ.
Cast in situ concrete partition wall
- Thickness ranges from 80mm to 100mm
- It is poured monolithically with intermediate columns
- It is rigid and stable both in vertical and horizontal directions but the framework is costly.
- The reinforcement consisting of mild steel bars or B R C fabric is placed in the center of the wall thickness.
- The concrete mix usually adopted in the work is M15 (1:2:4).
Precast concrete slab partitions wall
- the wall is built from precast concrete slab units
- precast unit thickness ranges from 25mm to 40mm
- precast units are secured to precast posts
- joints shall be filled with mortar
- Concrete mix is M15 (1:2:4).
Wall partitions constructed from special precast units
- the wall is constructed from precast T-shaped or L-shaped units
- lightweight, hollow partitions can be built without the need for vertical posts
- cement mortar mix proportion of 1:3 is used for jointing
5. Plaster slab partition wall
Plaster slab partition walls are manufactured from burnt minerals or plaster of Paris, mixed with wood. This sort of partition wall is 5cm to 10cm thick slabs that are ready in iron or timber molds. Within the plaster slabs, appropriate grooves are provided to create rigid joints. During this partition, walls, nails, and screws are often simply driven into these slabs. The plaster slab surface of this partition wall may be left smooth or rough, and the formwork is not plastered. However, the rough surface acts as a key for the plaster.
- Plaster slabs or plaster boards are made from burnt gypsum or plaster of Paris, mixed with sawdust or other fibrous material to reduce its weight
- Units of plaster slab prepared in an iron or timber mold with size 1 to 2m long, 30cm high, and 50 to 100mm thick.
- they are equipped with suitable grooves to create rigid joints
- The plaster slab surface may be smooth or rough. The former is not plastered but a rough surface act as key for the plaster.
6. Metal lath partition wall
Metal lath partition walls are skinny, strong, durable, and inconsiderably incombustible. It needs a framework of steel or timber for fixing it in position. Lath is tied by galvanized iron wire to soft-cast steel bars or channels spaced 15 to 30 cm apart. It will be plastered on both sides and maybe improved insulation against heat and sound. The metal lath and plaster partition walls-cavity. Metal lath on either side of specially formed steel channels spaced at 30 to 45 cm apart. The channels are usually 3 to 10cm deep.
- Metal lath partition wall are thin, strong, durable and considerably fire resistant.
- Metal lath partition walls are constructed by placing 2cm or 2.5cm channels vertically (called studs) and fixing metal lath to it on one side.
- Plaster is applied to both the sides of the metal
- If hallow partition is required, metal lath is fixed to the channels on both the sides and then plaster is applied.
7. A.C. Sheet or G.I. Sheet partition wall
These partition walls are economical, light-weight, and rigid if appropriately created. It is fastened to the border of wood or steel. Each slab consists of a core or furrowed asbestos cement sheet (5mm) with the plain asbestos cement sheet (10mm) connected to that on either facet.
- Partition walls constructed from asbestos cement sheeting or galvanized sheet fixed to wooden or steel frame.
- It is mostly adopted in works of temporary character.
- Such walls are economical, light and fairly rigid if constructed properly.
- Slab consists of core or corrugated asbestos cement sheet with the plain asbestos cement sheet attached to it on either side. The use of such slabs renders the partition wall more fire-resistant and makes it have good heat and sound insulation properties.
8. Wood-wool partition wall
- Wood wool consist of long tangled wood fibers, uncompacted, coated and bound together with cement or plaster, and with a rough open surface which provides an excellent key for plaster.
- It is good heat and sound insulator
9. Timber partitions wall
Timber partitions are the wood framework that is supported on the ground below or by sidewalls. The structure consists of a rigid arrangement of timber members, which can be plastered or lined with boarding etc. from each side. It is not noncombustible.
- This type of partition walls that consists of a wooden framework is either supported on the floor below or by side walls.
- The framework consists of a rigid arrangement of timber members which may be plastered or covered with boarding etc from both the sides.
- Such partitions are not fire-resistant and the timber forming the partition is likely to decay or be eaten away by white ants.
- The use of timber partition walls is decreasing.
What is partition in a house?
Partition walls are the most common type of wall in houses. They divide the house into different rooms and help organize its spaces. Partition walls are made from materials such as wood, stone or concrete blocks.
Partitions usually have a width between 100 and 200 cm (39 to 78 inches), but they can reach up to 3 metres (10 feet). The height varies depending on the style chosen by the homeowner, but it should be at least 2 meters high (6 feet 6 inches) so that we can walk freely under them without hitting our head against any part of this type of partitioning system.
Partition walls are used mainly with an aesthetic purpose since they have different finishes like tiles on their surface; however there is also another option called drywall which consists solely in painting directly over drywall sheets with no previous preparation needed before painting them because they already come primed ready for use once installed correctly around our home or office building project needs.
What is the purpose of a partition wall?
The purpose of a partition wall is to divide the space in your house into separate rooms. They are useful for several reasons. Partition walls can be used for privacy and soundproofing, as well as storage. In addition, they can be used to create an entirely new room in your home if you do not have enough space or if you simply want more space without spending money on remodeling your entire home.
Partition walls come in many styles, shapes and sizes so that they will fit almost any decorating scheme you have going on in your home at any given time. When selecting a partition wall, there are some things that it’s important to keep in mind:
How many partition types are there?
There are two types of partition walls: the stud wall and the partition wall.
- The first type is called a stud wall, which is used to divide a room into smaller rooms. They’re also known as load bearing walls because they support the weight of all loads (people, furniture) within their respective spaces.
- The second type is called a partition wall, which can be used to divide a room into two separate areas or rooms. A door must be cut through this type of wall so that access between those two areas or rooms can be granted while still maintaining privacy between them.
What are the advantages of partition walls?
- They are easy to install and easy to maintain
- You can customize partition walls according to your requirements (such as size, thickness, color, etc.)
- Partition walls can be made from different materials such as wood, metal, or plastic.
- You can use partition walls for many purposes like creating rooms or dividing a room into smaller sections.
What are the disadvantages of partition walls?
- Partition walls are not fire-resistant. If there is a fire in your house, a partition wall will not protect the other rooms from getting damaged by smoke and heat. This can be dangerous if you have children or pets in the house.
- Partition walls are not soundproof. You might want to consider placing a door between two rooms if you need to keep noise out of one room from disturbing another room (like your office space).
- Partition walls cannot be used for dividing rooms because they are not airtight, which means that there will be gaps at each joint between them that could allow air leakage into or out of the room being divided.
What material is used for partition walls?
Partition walls can be made from many different materials. Wood, metal, and PVC are among the most common types of partition walls. The type of material you choose will depend on your budget and personal preference. Partition walls can also be made from drywall or plasterboard, but these types of partitions don’t look very attractive.
Partitions usually consist of a wall that divides one room into two separate spaces with additional beams running across the top to provide additional support for the ceiling above it (if there is one).
What is the difference between a stud wall and a partition wall?
A partition wall is a wall that divides one room from another, making the interior of a building functional. These walls are built to support the roof and other elements of a house. They can be made out of wood, concrete, or fire-resistant materials to meet code requirements for different states in America.
Partition walls are usually constructed with studs and joists to support the weight of a house’s roof and other structures on top of it. If you’re planning on installing an addition to your home, make sure you know where all your partition walls are before starting construction.
Do partition walls need foundations?
Do partition walls need foundations? No, they do not. Partition walls are not load-bearing, so they don’t need foundations.
Partition walls are usually built on top of the ground, but may be built on a concrete slab if the ground is not level.
What are the functional requirements of a partition wall?
A partition wall is a structure that divides space in a house. It can be used to create rooms, it can be used for creating privacy, or it can be used to create a separate space within your house.
Partition walls are usually made out of wood or concrete and are typically built by hand. After the structure is built, electrical wiring is installed to give you electricity throughout your new room. Then drywall or plasterboard is hung on the interior side of the partition wall so that you have smooth ceilings and walls on all sides of your new room.
What is the size of the partition wall?
The size of the partition wall depends on different factors. The size of your house, the room, and its number are some of them. If you have more than one family living in your house then it is advisable to have separate rooms as well as partitions for them.
The first thing that you need to do with regard to partition walls is measured your home or any building before starting construction work. Once you know exactly how much space has been allotted for each individual room and then go ahead with making plans for the walls between them all. It’s important that each person gets enough privacy while they sleep at night too: so never let anyone else think they can come barging into your bedroom whenever they please either.
Materials needed for Partition Walls In Houses
The materials needed for partition walls in houses are:
Wooden boards, wooden planks, wooden strips, wooden poles, wooden rails, wooden beams, and joists. The size of your house will determine the number of partitions required. If you have a large house then you can divide it into many small rooms or just one large room if the requirement is not many.
Tools needed for Partition Walls In Houses
- Measuring tape and level (or plumb bob) for marking the cut lines on doorframes, wall studs, and ceiling joists. If you don’t have a measuring tape and level, use a chalk line to mark the cut lines. And if you don’t have a chalk line, try using string tied around your finger as an impromptu plumb bob (the weight of your finger will do as well). Don’t worry about using fancy tools; this is just so we know what kind of tools you might have access to in case of an emergency situation where you need to make cuts quickly without any power tools available.
Benefits of Partition Walls In Houses
The benefits of partition walls in houses are:
- Partition walls are a great way to divide up a room. If you have more than one person living in your house, then you’ll want a partition wall to divide up the space and create different areas for each person (a bedroom, office, or playroom). This makes it easier to keep track of everything and also allows them their own privacy.
- Partition walls can make a room feel more spacious. If you’re wanting to create an extension on your home but don’t have enough money or space for another full room, then fitting some partition walls it could be the solution. They will make it seem like there are actually two rooms where there was only one before.
Cost of Partition Walls In Houses
The cost of a partition wall depends on the size of the partition, the type of partition, and the material used for it.
The cost of a partition wall is usually estimated by taking into account three factors:
- Area covered by your desired room (in square meters)
- Type of material to be used in making that particular room’s walls and flooring (carpet, wooden floors, etc.)
- Overall height of all walls including ceiling height.
Maintenance tips for Partition Walls In Houses
- Maintain the partition walls regularly.
- Keep your partition walls clean
- Use a vacuum cleaner to clean your partition walls. Make sure you don’t use abrasive materials while cleaning them as they might damage the paintwork on your partitions.
- Wash the partitions with a sponge and warm water if you want to remove stains on them, but make sure it’s not used more than once in three months so that there is no buildup of dirt or grime behind it which can later become difficult for cleaning purposes.
You can add partition walls and doors to your home.
A partition wall is a wall that divides a room into two or more sections. The purpose of partition walls is to provide extra space and make the room look more spacious. It can be used as a place to show off your personal collection, add additional privacy, separate bedrooms in one house into their own rooms, or even just make an office feel bigger.
Partition walls are usually made from materials such as bricks, concrete blocks, and timber frames but you can use any material that best suits your needs. To get an idea of what type of partition will work best for you we recommend visiting your nearest builder supplies store where they will be able to help you decide on which would suit your lifestyle best.
Partitions are a very important part of any house. They help keep the room temperature more regulated as well as provide privacy for people who live in an open space.
A partition wall is a wall that divides two or more rooms in the home. These walls are usually made from drywall or plasterboard with some form of insulation material between them. The insulation keeps heat from escaping through this barrier which makes it ideal for small spaces where there is no central heating system such as bathrooms and storage rooms. In addition, these partitions can also be used to divide up large rooms into smaller ones so you can use them for different purposes at different times during the day or at night (bedrooms).